PipeWire 0.3.71
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PipeWire Module: Echo Cancel

The echo-cancel module performs echo cancellation.

The module creates virtual echo-cancel-capture source and echo-cancel-playback sink nodes and the associated streams.

The echo-cancel module is mostly used in video or audio conference applications. When the other participants talk and the audio is going out to the speakers, the signal will be picked up again by the microphone and sent back to the other participants (along with your talking), resulting in an echo. This is annoying because the other participants will hear their own echo from you.

Conceptually the echo-canceler is composed of 4 streams:

.--------. .---------. .--------. .----------. .-------.
| mic | --> | capture | --> | | --> | source | --> | app |
'--------' '---------' | echo | '----------' '-------'
| cancel |
.--------. .---------. | | .----------. .---------.
| app | --> | sink | --> | | --> | playback | --> | speaker |
'--------' '---------' '--------' '----------' '---------'
  • A capture stream that captures audio from a microphone.
  • A Sink that takes the signal containing the data that should be canceled out from the capture stream. This is where the application (video conference application) send the audio to and it contains the signal from the other participants that are speaking and that needs to be cancelled out.
  • A playback stream that just passes the signal from the Sink to the speaker. This is so that you can hear the other participants. It is also the signal that gets picked up by the microphone and that eventually needs to be removed again.
  • A Source that exposes the echo-canceled data captured from the capture stream. The data from the sink stream and capture stream are correlated and the signal from the sink stream is removed from the capture stream data. This data then goes into the application (the conference application) and does not contain the echo from the other participants anymore.

Module Options

Options specific to the behavior of this module

  • capture.props = {}: properties to be passed to the capture stream
  • source.props = {}: properties to be passed to the source stream
  • sink.props = {}: properties to be passed to the sink stream
  • playback.props = {}: properties to be passed to the playback stream
  • library.name = <str>: the echo cancellation library Currently supported: aec/libspa-aec-webrtc. Leave unset to use the default method (aec/libspa-aec-webrtc).
  • aec.args = <str>: arguments to pass to the echo cancellation method
  • monitor.mode: Instead of making a sink, make a stream that captures from the monitor ports of the default sink.

General options

Options with well-known behavior:

Example configuration

context.modules = [
{ name = libpipewire-module-echo-cancel
args = {
# library.name = aec/libspa-aec-webrtc
# node.latency = 1024/48000
# monitor.mode = false
capture.props = {
node.name = "Echo Cancellation Capture"
}
source.props = {
node.name = "Echo Cancellation Source"
}
sink.props = {
node.name = "Echo Cancellation Sink"
}
playback.props = {
node.name = "Echo Cancellation Playback"
}
}
}
]